Where do you draw the moral line?

Psychologist Lawrence Kohlberg expanded on Jean Piaget’s research to form a theory that explains the development of moral reasoning. He presented dilemmas to children and had them explain their reasoning behind their answers. The responses were classified into various stages of reasoning that make up Kohlberg’s theory.

We had an interesting discussion about moral development in class Wednesday. We were presented with one of Kohlberg’s dilemmas and then discussed our reactions.
The following is one of Kohlberg’s dilemmas. (more…)


Learning Technology

As I dive into the world of technology, I feel overwhelmed and often lost. I am fortunate to have a “technology mentor”, who not only has gently urged me into this world, but has also kept me sane as I near completion of grad school. I am a product of the middle 1960’s, so the internet was born well after I was. When the internet appeared, I was busy with teenaged children, and my job did not involve computers, much less the world wide web. I could not imagine that I might ever need to keep up with this new world that I couldn’t (and still kind of don’t) understand. Well life changed, and I found myself in college at the tender age of 39. I managed to muddle through my associate’s and bachelor’s degrees, with the limited knowledge I had about the internet and Word. My son assisted me then, but admittedly I was resistant, stubborn, and convinced that I was going to bring the entire internet crashing down around me with one wrong mouse click. I was not excited about the endless learning potential that the internet provides; rather I found it confusing and could never seem to locate what I was looking for. Then I entered grad school for Mental Health Counseling. By this time, I was fairly comfortable using the internet to find research, shop, and write papers, so I thought I was good to go. You’ll be shocked to hear that I was wrong. (more…)


blog spiderThis is my favorite time of year. Not just because the weather is cooling off, and the tourists are headed home, but because the spiders are back. Yes, spiders. Every year around this time I spend countless hours watching these huge spiders building their webs. The webs are so intricate and detailed, and the spiders are so methodical in their work. I have noticed some spiders move very quickly while building and some are slow and seemingly distracted. I find myself unable to look away until the webs are complete. When completed they are like a work of art. They seem completely perfect; more like a drawing than something created by a usually disliked creature. More often than not, when I get up the next morning there is no sign of the spiders or their webs.

While I am watching them I am often thinking of how these spiders have to go through this process day after day. I often wonder what humans would do if we had to rebuild our homes or selves every day. As I pondered this, I determined that the process the spiders go through is very similar to the process individuals undertake in counseling.

Usually when people enter counseling it is because something isn’t working and they need to rebuild or recreate themselves. Counseling can help begin the process of rebuilding, but the pace is entirely up to the client. Clients who are ready for change may move rapidly to a new life, but others will move slowly or not at all. Counselors must let clients work at their own speed. Just as the spiders must work diligently until the web is complete, so must our clients work until change is complete.